India successfully test-fires 5,000 km range Agni-5 missile

New Delhi: In a major boost to its military might, India on Wednesday successfully test-fired surface-to-surface strategic missile Agni-5 that can strike targets at ranges up to 5,000 km with a very high degree of accuracy, officials said. The test-firing of the nuclear-capable missile was carried out around 7.50 pm from APJ Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha.
“The successful test of Agni-5 is in line with India’s stated policy to have credible minimum deterrence that underpins the commitment to ‘No First Use’,” the Defence Ministry said in a brief statement. The work on Agni 5 intercontinental ballistic missile project was started over a decade ago.
People familiar with the development said it was the first user trial of the missile which can bring the northernmost part of China under its striking range. The successful test-firing of the missile, built by Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO), came in the midst of a lingering border standoff with China in eastern Ladakh. The first test of the missile was carried out in April 2012 while the previous one was reportedly conducted around three years ago.
“The missile, which uses a three-stage solid fuelled engine, is capable of striking targets at ranges up to 5,000 km,” the ministry said. The successful test firing of the missile paves the way for its induction into the Strategic Forces Command that takes care of India’s strategic assets, the people cited above said. The Agni 1 to 4 missiles have ranges from 700 km to 3,500 km and they have already been deployed.
The Agni 5 project was aimed at enhancing India’s nuclear deterrence against China which has missiles like Dongfeng-41 having ranges between 12,000-15,000 km. In June, the DRDO successfully test-fired a new generation of “Agni” class nuclear-capable ballistic missile that has a range of up to 2,000 km. Many advanced technologies, including propulsion systems, innovative guidance and control mechanisms and state-of-the-art navigation systems have been introduced in “Agni Prime” missile.
The missile is 1.75 metres tall with a diameter of 2 metres. It’s 1,500 kg warhead will be placed on top of the three-stage rocket boosters that are powered by solid fuel. Scientists have said that at its fastest, the Indian intercontinental ballistic missile will be 24 times faster than the speed of sound travelling 8.16 km per second, and achieving a high speed of 29,401 km per hour. It is equipped with a ring laser gyroscope inertial navigation system that works with satellite guidance.
It is also capable of hitting its target with pinpoint precision. It can be launched from mobile launchers. It is programmed in such a way that after reaching the peak of its trajectory, it turns towards the earth to continue its journey to the target with an increased speed, due to the earth’s gravitational pull.

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